For classification of the Lineolated Parakeet (Bolborhynchus l. lineola) in the systematics of the animal kingdom, I met lots of different
statements during my investigations, especially concerning "the next of kin" of the Lineolated Parakeet. However, I will try
to offer the general idea about the taxonomy of the Lineolated Parakeet.
The Lineolated Parakeet shares the class of the Aves, the birds, with every bird in this world.
order the taxonomists agree with each other as well. The Lineolated Parakeet belongs to the order of the Psittaciformes,
the Parrot-like Birds.
But concerning the family there already exist different opinions.
Wolters (1975 - 1982) has assigned the Lineolated Parakeets to the "Real Parrots", that means to the family of the Psittacidae.
In comparison Howard & Moore (1991) state the family Aratingidae, the "Neo-tropic Parrots". However, in some systematics the
"Neo-tropic Parrots" are assigned to the "Real Parrots", as well.
Further, the Lineolated Parakeet shares the sub-family of the Forpinae (Parrotlets) with the "Real Parrotlets".
classification shows discrepancies again. Certainly, the Lineolated Parakeet
(Bolborhynchus l. lineola
; with B. l.
) as well as the Andean Parakeet
) and the Rufous-fronted Parakeet
) belong to the
genus of the Thick-billed Parrots
). Howard & Moore (1991) additionally count the Sierra Parakeet
) and the
) in this genus.
In comparison, Wolters (1975 - 1982) assigns each of the last two parakeet species to an own genus. So, the Sierra Parakeet
) is the only representative of the genus Amoropsittaca
and the Mountain Parakeet
) with its 4 sub-species represents the genus Psilopiagon
The latest taxonomic classification integrates both species into the genus Psilopsiagon
(Juniper und Parr 1998).
It may also be interesting that describing the Lineolated Parakeet for the first time , Cassin called it
(Prestwich, 1954). However, when exactly the renaming to Bolborhynchus lineola
took place cannot be found in the literature.
Systematic classification of the Lineolated Parakeet (Bolborhynchus lineola)
Classification of the related genera/species/sub-species
|Class:|| Aves - Birds
|Order: ||Psittaciformes - Parrot-like
|Family: ||Aratingidae - Neo-tropic Parrots
|Sub-family:|| Forpinae - Parrotlets
|Genus: ||Bolborhynchus (Bonaparte, 1857)- Thick-billed Parrots
|Species:|| Bolborhynchus lineola - Lineolated Parakeet
|Sub-species:|| Bolborhynchus lineola lineola (Cassin, 1853) - Lineolated Parakeet
Bolborhynchus lineola tigrinus
(Souancé, 1856) - Barred Parakeet
In my opinion this is the actual state of affairs.
Species:|| Bolborhynchus lineola - Lineolated Parakeet
Sub-species:|| Bolborhynchus lineola lineola (Cassin, 1853) - Lineolated Parakeet or Catherine Parakeet
lineola tigrinus (Souancé, 1856) - Barred Parakeet
|Species:|| Bolborhynchus orbygnesius (Souancé, 1856) - Andean Parakeet
Species:|| Bolborhynchus ferrugineifrons (Lawrence, 1880) - Rufous-Fronted Parakeet
Species:||Psilopsiagon aymara (D'Orbigny, 1839) - Sierra Parakeet or Aymara Parakeet
Species:|| Psilopsiagon aurifrons
Sub-species:|| Psilopsiagon aurifrons aurifrons (Lesson, 1830) - Golden-Fronted Parakeet or Mountain Parakeet
Psilopsiagon aurifrons robertsi (Carrkier, 1933) - Robert's Parakeet
Psilopsiagon aurifrons margaritae
(Berlioz & Dorst, 1956) - Margarit-Golden-Fronted Parakeet or Margarit's Parakeet
Psilopsiagon aurifrons rubrirostris (Burmeister, 1860) - Red-billed Parakeet